Enwere ike kee agịga ọbara

1. Mkpokọta ọbara ọbara nke Subcutaneous: tumadi atọ gbara agba na agịga siri ike; Dọpụ akpụkpọ anụ ahụ dị anya ma ọ bụ na -akpata akpụkpọ ụkwụ nwata ahụ ka ọ chọta ọbara. Mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara na biochemical, akụkọ ihe mere eme, microbiological, virological, na ule nke mkpụrụ ndụ; Ọ mara ezigbo mma. Site na mgbasawanye nke ngwa eji achọpụta ihe ọhụụ. Ọ buru oke ibu nke na ọ ga-eji nwayọ dochie ọtụtụ nnwale maka nnakọta ọbara venous.

2. Mpele ọbara nnwale ọbara: guzosie ike n’agbata arịa akwara mmadụ na ụwa dị n’èzí site na ntinye aka, ma werezie nnwale ọbara na arịa mmamịrị na-adịghị mma (maka ihe nnwale dị iche iche, nsogbu nnwale nnwale na-adịghị mma nke nwere nkọwa dị iche iche - ihe ndi ozo di iche iche bu ihe edobere n’ime ite iji mezue ihe nlere nke mbu ahu); Dịka ọmụmaatụ, anticoagulation, coagulation ngwa ngwa, wdg; Dabere na nhazi a, enwere ike kee mkpụrụ ntakịrị agịga ọbara ụzọ abụọ: agịga mkpụrụ-ọbara a na-anakọta yana agịga ụdị ọbara. Ofesi na pen - based agịga, ala iji kewaa - type.

3. agịga ịlele akwara ọbara: Kwupụtara ya n'ikwu okwu, ọ bụ ụdọ, akwara ọbara na akàrà akara ya emechiri emechi; Site n'echiche nke ihe owuwu, ọ bụ sirinji zuru oke nke nwere sealant, nke na-emechi isi agịga ngwa ngwa mgbe nchịkọta. Nọgide na-enwe ọbara ọgbụgba nke ụdị ọdịnaya ndị ọzọ etisasịwo na-agbanwe agbanwe. Dika nyocha ọbara gas, iji ghọta ọrụ cardiopulmonary.

Site na nghọta dị n'elu, nwere ike ikwu n'ụzọ ziri ezi, otu esi eji agịga ọbara:

1, agịga mkpụkọ ọbara dị n'okpuru: mgbe mmachibido ahụ nke okpukpu, mkpịsị aka na-ejide agịga ọbara subcutaneous n'ime anụ ahụ subcelaneous, nkezi nke 1-3 mm (dabere na ndị ọrịa afọ, anụ ahụ na anụ ahụ), wee jiri mkpịsị aka mee ihe pịchaa ebe a pịrị apị, tufuo ọbara (ọ bụghị ịwụda), iji ihe na - adịghị mma bọọlụ na - a capụ mmiri, wee wega ya na ngwa nnwale ma ọ bụ slide ọmalịcha mmiri, nhicha nyocha; N'iji ya mee ihe, rịba ama: otu onye, ​​otu agịga, otu mgbochi, otu mkpofu;

2. Mkpịsị ọpụpụ ọbara ịchọrọ: họrọ akwara dị elu maka ọgwụ mpaghara; Kechie eriri mgbali ahụ (rịba ama: ọ bụghị oriri njegharị, ọ bụghịkwa eriri awara awara); Dabere na afọ onye ọrịa na ọnụọgụ ụdị anakọtara, aghọrọ ọbara ịlele ọbara dị iche iche:(A ga-ahọpụta mkpịsị odee ma ọ bụrụ na ọnụọgụ ahụ erughị otu ma ọ bụ atọ); Okenye, ụmụaka anaghị arụ ọrụ ma ọ bụ arịa ọbara dị warara, nwere ike ịhọrọ ọnọdụ nkewa; Ọkpụkpụ ụdọ nnwale nke ọbara agaghị erughị 0.7mm, ma ọ bụghị ya, a ga-agbaji mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara ngwa ngwa yana “haemolysis” ga-eme. Mgbe ejirichara ya, agịga agịga tụba n'ime igbe mkpofu pụrụ iche maka mkpofu. Kpebisie ike: otu onye, ​​agịga, ọgwụ na-adịghị ọcha, mkpofu ahihia;

3. agịga ịlele akwara ọbara: (ọ kwesịrị ịbụ ngwaọrụ nnwale ọbara). Kwadebe ma kpoo ihe eji akwa akwa; Mgbe ngwụcha artery gasịrị, pacon nke sirinji ga-akwagide pineon nke sirinji, ọbara akwara ga-esi ísì ụtọ ngwa ngwa, dịka silinge sịlịnda; Mgbe o ruru usoro akara ahụ, a na-adọpụ ngwa ngwa punching ngwa ngwa ma a na-ama ya aka ka ọ kwụsị ịgba ọbara. Ozugbo ị dọsịrị agịga ahụ, gbanye agịga ahụ n'ime sealant. Mgbe ahụ ezipụtara ọbara ọgbụgba olu n'ime ụlọ nyocha maka nyocha ngwa ngwa.


Oge nzipu ozi: Jun-12-2020